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Post Cycle Therapy (PCT): What to do after having used anabolic steroids?

In the past, anabolic steroids were used primarily by athletes in order to boots physical performance. However, today anabolic steroids are also common among non-athletes, who use them with the goal to improve their physique and appearance. It was recently estimated that among Americans aged 13-50 years, 2.9 to 4.0 million have used anabolic steroids.[1] Within this group, roughly 1 million may have experienced anabolic steroid dependence.[1]

Most of these folks have gone down this pathway blindly, obviously without physician supervision, using underground black market resources and products. Not only is non-medically supervised use of anabolic steroids per see potentially dangerous, but the purity of underground products is highly speculative, which adds additional health risks. Also, because of the common practice of “stacking”, which is use of two or more anabolic steroids (often androgens) in progressively increasing doses in cycles lasting for different durations of time, it is hard to predict the cumulative potential health consequences. Also, most anabolic steroids are synthetic man-made compounds that are not natural to the body. This is in contrast to testosterone, which is naturally produced by the body and necessary, in the physiological range, for health and wellbeing. Anabolic steroids are not.

For those who have chosen to use anabolic steroids, this article will outline ways to restore the HPG-axis (Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Gonadal axis).

Continue reading..

D-Aspartic Acid (DAA) and “Test Boosters”

In this vid, I discuss the popular “Testosterone booster” supplement D-Aspartic Acid (DAA) and update my opinions of this general category of supplements. Note the added study below recently published that found at higher doses, it actually lowered testosterone.


Study mentioned in the vid:

D-Aspartic acid supplementation combined with 28 days of heavy resistance training has no effect on body composition, muscle strength, and serum hormones associated with the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis in resistance-trained men

PAGE UPDATE: 2015 study and additional comments:

The criticism of some to prior studies was that it was possible higher doses were needed to impact T levels in younger resistance trained men. This study just out below found higher doses actually decreased testosterone! And the study was done on the appropriate population, resistance trained men, although they didn’t test the impact on TT and FT on strength or LBM as the prior study above did. The two studies combined however, do not paint a good picture for DAA in my view. This only lowers, my already low opinion of “T boosters” as a category of supplements…

Three and six grams supplementation of d-aspartic acid in resistance trained men

Geoffrey W Melville*, Jason C Siegler and Paul WM Marshall

Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015, 12:15



Although abundant research has investigated the hormonal effects of d-aspartic acid in rat models, to date there is limited research on humans. Previous research has demonstrated increased total testosterone levels in sedentary men and no significant changes in hormonal levels in resistance trained men. It was hypothesised that a higher dosage may be required for experienced lifters, thus this study investigated the effects of two different dosages of d-aspartic acid on basal hormonal levels in resistance trained men and explored responsiveness to d-aspartic acid based on initial testosterone levels.


Twenty-four males, with a minimum of two years’ experience in resistance training, (age, 24.5 ± 3.2 y; training experience, 3.4 ± 1.4 y; height, 178.5 ± 6.5 cm; weight, 84.7 ± 7.2 kg; bench press 1-RM, 105.3 ± 15.2 kg) were randomised into one of three groups: 6 g.d−1 plain flour (D0); 3 g.d−1 of d-aspartic acid (D3); and 6 g.d−1 of d-aspartic acid (D6). Participants performed a two-week washout period, training four days per week. This continued through the experimental period (14 days), with participants consuming the supplement in the morning. Serum was analysed for levels of testosterone, estradiol, sex hormone binding globulin, albumin and free testosterone was determined by calculation.


D-aspartic acid supplementation revealed no main effect for group in: estradiol; sex-hormone-binding-globulin; and albumin. Total testosterone was significantly reduced in D6 (P = 0.03). Analysis of free testosterone showed that D6 was significantly reduced as compared to D0 (P = 0.005), but not significantly different to D3. Analysis did not reveal any significant differences between D3 and D0. No significant correlation between initial total testosterone levels and responsiveness to d-aspartic acid was observed (r = 0.10, P = 0.70).


The present study demonstrated that a daily dose of six grams of d-aspartic acid decreased levels of total testosterone and free testosterone (D6), without any concurrent change in other hormones measured. Three grams of d-aspartic acid had no significant effect on either testosterone markers. It is currently unknown what effect this reduction in testosterone will have on strength and hypertrophy gains.

Full paper HERE


Vacation Gone South: A Novella

Gang, I have just completed my first novella length fiction story that’s getting excellent reviews on Amazon so far. It’s a about two buddies from a Tier One covert Special Operations unit who go on some needed R&R, and things go “south” from there. I used my personal knowledge of Panama City Panama as the back drop for this story.

You can now read a review by well-known Sci Fi/Fantasy author Jason Halstead HERE. Two, I will be donating proceeds from this book to the H.E.R.O. Child-Rescue Corps. The H.E.R.O. Child-Rescue Corps trains vets to track and help capture those who abuse children.  Hopefully I can send solid donations to them with your help!

From the Amazon page:

“Two buddies go on vacation for some much needed R&R. Even those from the tip of the spear Special Operations community of America’s elite Tier One units have to go on vacation to destress and decompress like the rest of working stiffs. Not all vacations go according to plan unfortunately, and this one went from sun, fun, and pretty girls to FUBAR quickl11117912_10152761508306517_3108023727450195548_oy. One man is missing, the other is on the run from unknown assassins. What went wrong”

Remember, you don’t need a Kindle reader as Amazon has a free app reader for any platform which people will see offered on the same page as the book.

NOTE: If you enjoy the story please leave a review on the page the book is found as that’s essential for the ranking and sales of books on Amazon. Thanx!
The book can be found HERE  if interested.



REVIEW: Research Digest Research Digest (ERD)


Whether you’re a health/fitness professional or just interested science minded health buff, you know finding objective, balanced, accurate information on health/fitness/nutrition/supplements is both difficult and time consuming.  I know many rely on for their info, and I’ll be using the ERD as one resource for my information.


The ERD is easy to read on mobile devices

It’s a challenge even for yours truly to dig through piles of primary published studies, web sites I trust, and other resources,  to distill complex information into useful info for readers, so anything that can help me with that job is a winner in my view.

I received a copy of the ERD and was both impressed with the quality of the content and the layout and graphics, but the process to publication. The ERD is not one person, or a few people sitting around deciding what topic to push to increase sales of some product, but has a legit peer review-like process of editors (some of whom I know personally) to fact check for accuracy and objectivity.*

The ERD distills the latest research for people “in the biz” like me (possibly alerting me to something I need to dig further into) or those looking for an accurate source to rely on as supplement to

A resource that helps me save time, is well written, objective, accurate, puts things in the proper context, and involves a peer review process? I’m in. Highly recommended for anyone looking to save time and energy getting the latest info.

Get more info on the ERD HERE:

* = 5 researchers, 4 editors, and 7 reviewers.


Is Creatine Safe For Women?

Not as uncommon a question as the more informed here might think! But, you too may have been asked that Q, and here’s a short vid to refer them to if/when they ask.

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